Pregnant Inmates Risk Factors and Pregnancy Outcomes


      To document the risk factors and outcomes of pregnant women incarcerated in a maximum‐security prison.


      Descriptive correlational study.


      Women's correctional facility.


      Eighty‐nine pregnant women incarcerated during the third trimester of pregnancy.

      Main Outcome Measures

      Medical, obstetric, life‐style, and psychologic risk factors during pregnancy; birth weight; weeks of gestation at delivery; and presence of congenital anomalies in the newborn.


      Numerous risk factors during pregnancy, including chemical dependency, poor nutritional status, poor obstetric histories, high levels of anxiety and depression, and inadequate prenatal care.


      There is a need for intensive prenatal education for incarcerated women and for chemical dependency treatment programs designed specifically for incarcerated pregnant women. Interventions that address psychologic distress also are needed.
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