Recommendations for Sexuality Education for Early Adolescents


      To determine community support and identify appropriate learning methodologies, parameters of delivery, and intervention content.


      Qualitative descriptive study in which participants were interviewed in a semistructured format. Data were analyzed thematically.


      An urban pediatric primary care clinic from which youths and parents were recruited.


      Ten youths, 10 parents, and 10 community members. Community members included professional and laypersons who had experience in working with early adolescents or in working with children of any age on sexuality issues. Overall, most participants were female (67%) and African American (67%).


      Descriptions of early adolescents’ knowledge of sexuality, participants’ support for sexuality education for early adolescents, recommendations for education content, and preferred methods for education delivery.


      The participants supported comprehensive sexuality education for early adolescents. They believed that it would help youths to be abstinent, would provide some protection from sexual abuse, and would prepare them to practice safer sex in the future. JOGNN, 35, 369‐375; 2006. DOI: 10.1111/J.1552‐6909.2006.00048.x


      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment
      AWHONN Member Login
      AWHONN Members, full access to the journal is a member benefit. Use your society credentials to access all journal content and features
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Purchase one-time access:

      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Aarons S.
        • Jenkins R.
        • Raine T.
        • El‐Khorazaty M.
        • Woodward K.
        • Williams R.
        Postponing sexual intercourse among urban junior high school students‐a randomized controlled evaluation.
        Journal of Adolescent Health. 2000; 27: 236-247
        • Aten M.
        • Siegel D.
        • Enaharo M.
        • Auinger P.
        Keeping middle school students abstinent: Outcomes of a primary prevention intervention.
        Journal of Adolescent Health. 2002; 31: 70-78
        • Blake S.
        • Ledsky R.
        • Goodenow C.
        • Sawyer R.
        • Lohrmann D.
        • Windsor R.
        Condom availability programs in Massachusetts high schools: Relationships with condom use and sexual behavior.
        American Journal of Public Health. 2003; 93: 955-962
        • Blake S.
        • Simkin L.
        • Ledsky R.
        • Perkins C.
        • Calabrese J.
        Effects of a parent‐child communications intervention on young adolescents’ risk for early onset of sexual intercourse.
        Family Planning Perspectives. 2001; 33: 52-61
        • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
        Diagnoses of HIV/AIDS—32 States, 2000‐2003.
        Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2004; 53: 1106-1110
        • Coyle K.
        • Kirby D.
        • Marlin B.
        • Gomez C.
        • Gregorich S.
        Draw the line/respect the line: A randomized trial of a middle school intervention to reduce sexual risk behaviors.
        American Journal of Public Health. 2003; 94: 843-851
        • DiCenso A.
        • Guyatt G.
        • Willan A.
        • Griffith L.
        Interventions to reduce unintended pregnancies among adolescents; systematic review of randomized controlled trials.
        British Medical Journal. 2002; 324: 1426-1430
        • Grunbaum J.
        • Kann L.
        • Kinchen S.
        • Ross J.
        • Hawkins J.
        • Lowry R.
        Youth risk behavior surveillance—United States, 2003.
        Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2004; 53: 1-96
        • Hamilton B.
        • Martin J.
        • Sutton P.
        Births: Preliminary data for 2003.
        National Vital Statistics Reports. 2004; 53: 1-17
        • Jemmott J.
        • Jemmott L.
        • Fong G.
        Abstinence and safer sex HIV risk‐reduction interventions for African American adolescents.
        JAMA. 1998; 279: 1529-1536
        • Kirby D.
        • Korpi M.
        • Adivi C.
        • Weissman J.
        An impact evaluation of project SNAPP: An AIDS and pregnancy prevention middle school program.
        AIDS Education and Prevention. 1997; 9: 44-61
        • Kirby D.
        • Korpi M.
        • Barth R.
        • Cagampang H.
        The impact of the postponing sexual involvement curriculum among youths in California.
        Family Planning Perspectives. 1997; 29: 100-108
        • Menacker F.
        • Martin J.
        • MacDorman M.
        • Ventura S.
        Births to 10‐14 year‐old mothers 1990‐2002.
        National Vital Statistics Reports. 2004; 53: 1-18
        • Ozer E.
        • Brindis C.
        • Millstein S.
        • Knopf D.
        • Irwin C.
        America’s adolescents: Are they healthy? National Adolescent Health Information Center, University of California, San Francisco1997
        • St. Lawrence J.
        • Brasfield T.
        • Jefferson K.
        • Alleyne E.
        • O’Brannon R.
        • Shirley A.
        Cognitive‐behavioral intervention to reduce African‐American adolescents’ risk for HIV infection.
        Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 1995; 63: 221-237
        • Tiezzi L.
        • Lipshutz J.
        • Wrobleski N.
        • Vaughan R.
        • McCarthy J.
        Pregnancy prevention among urban adolescents younger than 15: Results of the ‘In Your Face’ program.
        Family Planning Perspectives. 1997; 29: 173-176
        • Ventura S.
        • Abma J.
        • Mosher W.
        • Henshaw S.
        Estimated pregnancy rates for the United States, 1990‐2000.
        National Vital Statistics Reports. 2004; 52: 1-9