Author Information

To download a PDF version of JOGNN's Guidelines for Authors, please click here.

JOGNN is the scientific journal of the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses. The mission of JOGNN is to advance the health and health care of women, childbearing and childrearing families, and newborns across all settings through the bimonthly publication of peer-reviewed nursing and interdisciplinary scholarship. Although not required, queries may be sent via e-mail to For additional information about JOGNN, go to the website, e-mail, or call 800-673-8499 x2432 or 202-261-2432 (direct).

Authors should submit manuscripts electronically at Editorial Manager. Detailed instructions for first-time users are available on the Editorial Manager Web site. Once a manuscript is submitted in Editorial Manager, the corresponding author will be notified by e-mail and each author will receive a confirmatory e-mail.

Research. Reports of studies that generate new knowledge to inform and advance clinical practice, policy, or research. These manuscripts are accompanied by structured abstracts of no more than 250 words using the following headings:
  • Objective
  • Design
  • Setting
  • Participants
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Conclusion

Reports of randomized controlled trials must follow the CONsolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guidelines. CONSORT includes the CONSORT Statement, a checklist focused on the structure of the report, and a flow diagram to document the progression of all participants through the trial.

Reports of nonexperimental quantitative studies should follow the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) guidelines, while reports of diagnostic accuracy studies should follow the STAndards for the Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) studies guidelines.

Authors must provide evidence that the trial was registered with or other relevant clinical trials registration before conduct of the trial. A copy of institutional review board (IRB) approval (or a letter from the IRB chair stating that approval for the study is not required) is required for any research published in JOGNN.

Review. Meta-analyses, meta-syntheses, systematic or integrated literature reviews, or mixed research syntheses with specific implications that advance practice, policy, or research. Review manuscripts are accompanied by abstracts of no more than 300 words using the following headings:
  • Objective
  • Data Sources
  • Study Selection
  • Data Extraction
  • Data Synthesis
  • Conclusion

Reports of systematic reviews must follow the Preferred Reporting Items of Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. PRISMA can be applied to reviews of randomized trials and other types of research and includes a checklist and flow diagram. The MOOSE guidelines provide specific direction for reporting Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology.

Also review the guidance provided in “Systematic Literature Reviews” (Lowe, 2009).

Health Care Improvement and Evaluation. Reports of quality improvement, program evaluation, and evidence-based practice projects with implications beyond the study site and clinical implications (McCartney, 2019). Manuscripts in this category are accompanied by structured abstracts of not more than 250 words using the following headings:
  • Objective
  • Design
  • Setting/Local Problem
  • Participants
  • Intervention/Measurements
  • Results
  • Conclusion

The format must follow the Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence (SQUIRE) guidelines and outline. A useful table to help authors format these articles is available.

Principles & Practice. Analysis of innovations and trends in health care, clinical practice, care delivery systems, or public policy, including application of theory or new information to nursing practice. These manuscripts include unstructured abstracts of no more than 125 words that are factual and provide the main points of the manuscript.

Critical Commentary. Scholarly analysis of issues, opinions, experiences, or personal perspectives supported with evidence from the current literature. These manuscripts include unstructured abstracts of no more than 125 words that are factual and provide the main points of the manuscript.

Case Reports. Presentation of new information through case reviews of nursing and interprofessional care. Authors must provide written consent from the participant when clinical descriptions make identification possible. These manuscripts include unstructured abstracts of no more than 125 words that are factual and provide the main points of the manuscript.

Case reports must follow the CAse REport (CARE) guidelines that include a 13-item checklist for guidance in writing a case report. Although written from a medical perspective, these guidelines are generally applicable to and can be adapted for nursing case reports.

Methods. Reports of analysis of the development of new methods or novel applications of methods of intervention, research, practice improvement, or evaluation. These manuscripts include unstructured abstracts of no more than 125 words that are factual and provide the main points of the manuscript.

Letters to the Editor. Points of current interest or comments on an article published in the journal. The editor reserves the right to accept, reject, or excerpt letters. Letters should reference published articles no later than 3 months after publication.

Original work. Manuscripts must be original, not published previously, and not under consideration by another publication. The editor will consider publishing a complete report following the publication of preliminary findings (e.g., in an abstract) or presentations. Previous presentation of research findings should be disclosed in the cover letter.

Conflicts of interest. The authors must disclose any commercial interest they have in the subject of the study and the source of any financial or material support in the combined copyright transfer & author disclosure form.

Copyright. Each author must complete a combined copyright transfer & author disclosure form that will be uploaded with the manuscript files in the Editorial Manager system.

Note to NIH grantees. Pursuant to NIH mandate, JOGNN's publisher Elsevier will post the accepted version of contributions authored by NIH grant-holders to PubMed Central upon acceptance. This accepted version will be made publicly available 12 months after publication. For further information, see the Elsevier NIH Policy Statement.

All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. As per the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (n.d.), such participation includes ALL of the following:
  • Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
  • Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
  • Final approval of the version to be published; AND
  • Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Participation that does not qualify for authorship includes data gathering, provision of financial or other support, or review of a preliminary draft. When a large, multi-center group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript.

The maximum number of authors usually permitted is six on research manuscripts and four on all other types of manuscripts. If more than these numbers of authors are desired, specific information explaining the role of each author should be included in a cover letter.

Authors must follow the style guidelines of the American Psychological Association (APA, 2020). Double-space all pages, including the abstract, text, references, tables, and legends. Use 12-point font and uniform margins of 1″ at the top, bottom, right, and left. Do not right justify lines. Do not divide words at the end of a line.

Number pages consecutively. Include a shortened version of the title at the top of each page to identify the manuscript. The running head must not contain any author names or initials. In the left margin, consecutively number each line of text.

The average article in JOGNN is 15 to 18 manuscript pages, plus references, tables, figures, illustrations, and callouts. Review articles can be longer than 18 pages if indicated and approved by the editor.

Refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 7th edition (APA Manual, 2020), for grammar, punctuation, style, and statistical reporting; Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 11th edition (2003), for spelling of nontechnical words; and Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary for spelling of medical terms. Also see Lowe (2018) regarding specific word use consistent with JOGNN's style. In general, it is not necessary to specify the statistical package used to analyze research data. Use generic names of all drugs and products. Report physical measures in International System of Units (SI) units. For examples of conversion to SI equivalents, refer to the APA Manual.

Authors for whom English is a second language are encouraged to have their manuscripts professionally edited before submission. See WebShop or visit Elsevier's customer support site for more information. All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

Title. Limit the title to no more than 15 words. Ensure that the title summarizes the main idea of the paper; is fully explanatory standing alone; and avoids the use of the words method, results, a study, and an experimental investigation. Colons in titles should be avoided.

Keywords. Submit 3–10 MeSH keywords with the abstract for use in indexing the article. See the MeSH on Demand tool provided by the U.S. National Library of Medicine for assistance.

Précis. Provide a précis for use in the table of contents. The précis is a single sentence of no more than 25 words that states the conclusion(s) of the report. The précis should be similar to the abstract's conclusion.

Callouts. Provide three callouts of not more than 25 words each with no acronyms or abbreviations. Avoid repeating text found in the abstract or the first page. Callouts for research manuscripts should identify the problem the study addresses, the primary conclusions of the study, and the major implication for practice or factors that contribute to the conclusions of the study. Callouts for all other manuscripts should describe the major reason for addressing the topic of the manuscript, identify the primary conclusion, and identify the major implication for practice. Participant quotes are not appropriate as callouts. Callouts are not limited to direct quotes from the text.

References. Cite current, primary sources only, preferably those published in the last 5 years but no more than the last 10 years (with the exception of seminal studies or reports of tools or theory). Use references prudently. Cite references in the text in the style outlined in the APA Manual. The reference list also should be formatted in APA style. Identify sources of quotations and all other borrowed materials.

Data references. We encourage authors to cite underlying or relevant data sets in text and in the reference list. Data references should include the following elements: author name(s), data set title, data repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier. Add [data set] immediately before the reference so we can properly identify it as a data reference. This identifier will not appear in your published article.

Permissions. Long quotations, figures, tables, or photographs from previously published sources must be accompanied by the written permission of the copyright holder to reuse. This includes any information that has been adapted from a previously published source.

Authors must include documentation that permission to use these materials in print and electronic formats has been obtained. For complete permissions guidelines, refer to the permissions help page.

Tables. Do not include more than six tables. Submit only actual tabular material in table form. Simple lists should be incorporated into the text. Type each table on a separate page with its own title. Number tables consecutively with Arabic numerals and refer to them in numeric order in the text. Number pages with tables following the reference list. The author must obtain written permission from the original publisher to include a previously published table with the manuscript (see “Permissions” above for more information). Each previously published table must carry a credit line stating the original source.

For presentation of statistical data in tables, refer to Nicol and Pexman, 2010b.

Tables of studies included in systematic reviews should use the following column headings: author/date, participants, methods, interventions, outcomes. Information included for each study should be presented in a standardized manner and be as succinct as possible.

Statistics. Consistent with the recommendations of the American Statistical Association, statistical reporting must adhere to the following principles (Hayat et al., 2019; Lowe, 2019):
  • When a p value is reported, state its value regardless of how small or large it may be.
  • Avoid using .05 or any other cutoff for a p value as the basis for a decision about the meaningfulness/importance of an effect.
  • In reporting a p value, a measure of the effect size should be included along with a corresponding interval estimate (e.g., confidence interval).

Artwork. Figures, graphs, and illustrations should be included in the manuscript file. If your manuscript includes figures, photos, or other visuals, please refer to the art work guidelines provided by Elsevier. Also see Nicol and Pexman (2010a).

Each figure, graph, or illustration should be on a separate page with its own title. Number figures consecutively with Arabic numerals, and refer to each figure in numeric order in the text. Number pages with figures following the reference page(s) and table page(s). Follow APA style when labeling tables, figures, and photographs. Keep all explanatory material and legends in the captions beneath the figure, graph, or illustration to which they pertain. For previously published figures see "Permissions" section above.

Supplemental material. Authors are encouraged to submit supplemental files with their manuscripts. Supplemental material should enhance the content of the manuscript but should not be essential to the meaning. Files can include short video clips, interviews, data sets, evidence tables, additional figures, etc. and will be reviewed with the manuscript. If the manuscript is accepted, data files will be available online. For additional information, please contact the managing editor at

  • The manuscript is blinded and contains no identifying information. Each page has a running head that does not include author names or initials.
  • First page includes title, abstract, keywords, and précis statement.
  • Three callouts (page 2).
  • Text (page 3).
  • Each line of text is numbered consecutively in the left margin beginning with the abstract.
  • References (begin on a new page).
  • Tables (each on a separate page).
  • Figures (each on a separate page).

  • Cover letter submitted electronically includes (a) all author names in the order they should appear in the byline; (b) the name, complete mailing address, and e-mail address of the author who will be responsible for correspondence regarding the manuscript; (c) author identification notes (i.e., author bio) for every author, including name, credentials, position title, department, place of employment or organizational affiliation, city, and state for all authors; (d) a statement that all authors have seen and approved the manuscript; (e) statement of funding sources for research; (f) acknowledgement of significant non-author contributions to the work limited to 25 words; acknowledgment of participants is not permitted; (g) additional information that may be helpful to the editor, such as the type of article the manuscript represents; (h) information on previous or duplicate publication or submission.
  • Copyright transfer & author disclosure form for each author, available at here, submitted electronically in the Editorial Manager system.
  • Letters of permission to reproduce any copyrighted material that appears in the manuscript, submitted electronically in the Editorial Manager system.

The editorial staff will return, un-reviewed, manuscripts that are not formatted per the author guidelines.

PUBLICATION Accepted articles are available for citation when published online. Some accepted articles may also be presented in the print version at the discretion of the editors. The online version of JOGNN is the journal of record, and Impact Factors and other citation indices are based on the online article. Once your article has been accepted for publication, you can use the article tracking service to track the article's progress through publication. By registering in the system, you will receive automatic e-mail alerts each time your article's status changes, including links to the article online as soon as it is available. You may also contact Customer Support.

Open access. JOGNN offers authors a choice about how to publish their articles:

Open access
  • Articles are freely available to subscribers and the wider public with permitted reuse.
  • An open access publication fee is payable by authors or on their behalf, e.g., by their research funders or institutions.

  • Articles are made available to subscribers as well as developing countries and patient groups through Elsevier's universal access programs.
  • No open access publication fee payable by authors.

Regardless of how you choose to publish your article, the journal will apply the same peer review criteria and acceptance standards. See the open access license page for pricing and further information.

American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). Author.

Cook, P. F., & Lowe, N. K. (2012). Differentiating the scientific endeavors of research, program evaluation, and quality improvement studies. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 41(1), 1–3. doi:10.1111/j.1552-6909.2011.01319.x

Hayat, M. J., Staggs, V. S., Schwartz, T. A., & Higgins, M. (2019). Moving nursing beyond P < 0.05. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 95, A1–A2. doi:10.1016/j.injnurstu.2019.05.012

International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. (n.d.). Defining the role of authors and contributors.

Lowe, N. K. (2009). Systematic literature reviews. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 38(4), 375–376. doi:10.1111/j.1552-6909.2009.01033.x

Lowe, N. K. (2018). Words matter. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 47(1), 1–2. doi:10.1016/j.jogn.2017.11.007

Lowe. N. K. (2019). The push to move health care science beyond <.05. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 48(5), 493-494. 2175(19)30404-6/pdf

McCartney, P. R. (2019). Reporting clinical projects to improve outcomes. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 48(4), 383–384. doi:10.1016/j.jogn.2019.05.002

Merriam-Webster. (2003). Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (11th ed.). Author.

Nicol, A. A. M., & Pexman, P. M. (2010a). Displaying your findings: A practical guide for creating figures, posters, and presentations (6th ed.). American Psychological Association.

Nicol, A. A. M., & Pexman, P. M. (2010b). Presenting your findings: A practical guide for creating tables (6th ed.). American Psychological Association.